Draft From The First National Progress

by National Animal Progress

ARTICLE OF THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION

The Preamble to the Article

Vista Woods, in the City of Milford, Ordinancial Clermont, in Ohio on Saturday the fifteenth of June, two thousand and thirteen.

THE obvious courage of denizens, along with a convocation of citizens of the Commonalty of the United States and territories, at the time of their acclamation, expressed a desire, in order to prevent the interference, exploitation, violence, buying, selling, chopping down, injuring, abuse, and death by humankind of non-human animals and trees, that an explicit declaratory article should be added to the Constitution of the United States: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the unit, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.

THE exploitation, trade, ownership, and abuse of non-human animals, as well as the transportation of non-human animals and trees from their natural habitats, by people, shall cease after this article to our Constitution.

THE United States shall recognize that animals and trees, as moral agents, should be protected with freedom in law.  Deprived of legal protection, animals and trees are unsafe from human-sponsored exploitation, violence, and death without an article.  As no such expression presently exists in our Constitution, be enacted the bill of the following basic freedom for animals and trees.

Section I

Without difference in punishment, the direct or indirect act of killing or abetting the death of non-human denizens shall be a Supreme and State, or Supreme and Territorial, crime under the law of the land.  Such an act shall parallel homicide in proceeding.  For ten years shall be published the names and residences of any humanbeing who eats animal body parts, embryos, or eggs and shall specify the parts consumed.

Section II

Non-human denizens and their products–including all bodily products such as fur, nails, tusks and bone, milk, skin, fins, oils, eggs, wood, bark, and byproducts–shall not be treated as human property by the military; the executive, legislative, or judicial state; or by private unions and corporations. The unit and states may not detain, trade, keep, or transport non-human denizens except in extreme instances of non-human denizens’ endangerment.

Section III

Freedom of non-human denizens entails from human possession; captivity; buying, selling, and trading; exploitation; cruelty; injury; neglect; chopping down if the tree is not declared dead; testing for medical, cosmetic, and educational purposes; abuse; and to freely travel through public and private lands, waterways, and spaces.  

Section IV

Non-human denizens shall be represented in and safeguarded by all courts.

No governing bureaucracy or committee shall be established on the behalf of non-human denizens or their wellbeing separate from that of citizens, and present laws doing so are repealed, and present governing bureaucracies are dissolved.

Section V

Non-human denizens shall remain non-sterile and not subjected to human-sponsored abortion unless the delivery of the unborn cogently threatens the life of the bearer.

Section VI

All non-human denizens shall have a natural habitat, ecologically sufficient to a normal and happy life and self-sustaining reproductive species; a healthy diet, protective shelter, and adequate medical care; not be subject to cruel or lethal experiments, and led to natural habitats where their survival is ensured; and this shall not be an expense of the Treasury but of the states and territories of their place, and of the unit where needed. Non-human denizens shall be emancipated upon ratification of this article, and led by one designated Steward per state to an environment that satisfies their whole physical and psychological needs; said Stewards shall enlist an office and hold that office three years at a commensurate emolument and reward for completion of duties; be established, at that office, a seed and newborn institute in each state for provisions of this article; Stewards shall have power with evidence to declare non-human denizens dead; each Steward must decide and exigently levy an operating sum that cares for all the area denizens, which shall not be defined in law, from the treasury for each year. Additional funds shall be from the states and territories, and be decided and levied upon request of the Steward.

Section VII

The unit and states shall adopt improvements to, and assign standards for, respective infrastructure conducive for the safety, wellbeing, and travel of all kinds of non-human denizens.  The replanting and mature growth of native trees across ninety-nine and nine tenths percent of all the country and the labor shall be that of ordinancial publicates.  The unit and states allot three fourths, being on the best tracts, of each of their lands as a refuge for the emancipation of non-human denizens; of these, havens shall be those places under one hundred square miles and enclaves shall be over one hundred square miles.

Section VIII

Non-human citizens and denizens are owed these provisions to thrive and compel their eternal civic equity.  The Congress and President shall have the power to enforce, by legislation and executive order, the provisions of this article.  The article shall be enforced both in and out of a state of nature. 

Section IX

This article shall take effect two years after the date of ratification; and during the two years shall not be altered or removed before passage.  This article shall not be diminished by another article.

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